Arizona Standards of Practice

 

2. Purpose and Scope:

2.1 Inspections performed to these Standards shall provide the client with a better understanding of the property conditions, as observed at the time of the inspection.

2.2 Inspectors shall:  

A. before the inspection report is delivered, enter into a written agreement with the client or their authorized agent that includes:

1. the purpose of the inspection.

2. the date of the inspection.

3. the name address and certification number of the inspector.

4. the fee for services.

5. a statement that the inspection is performed in accordance with these Standards.

6. limitations or exclusions of systems or components inspected.

7.B. Observe readily accessible installed systems and components listed in these Standards.

8.C.  submit a written report to the client which shall:

1. Describe systems and components identified in sections 4-12 of these Standards.

2. state which systems and components designated for inspection in these Standards have been inspected and any systems and components designated for inspection in these Standards which were present at the time of the inspection and were not inspected and a reason why they were not inspected.

3. state any systems and components so inspected which were found to be in need of immediate major repair and any recommendations to correct, monitor or evaluate by appropriate persons.

2.3 These Standards are not intended to limit inspectors from:

A. reporting observations and conditions in addition to those required in Section 2.2.

B. excluding systems and components from the inspection if requested by the client.


3. General Limitations and Exclusions:

3.1 General limitations:

A. Inspections done in accordance with these Standards are visual, not technically exhaustive and will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects.

B. These Standards are applicable to buildings with four or less dwelling units and their garages or carports.

3.2 General exclusions:

A.  Inspectors are NOT required to report on:

1. life expectancy of any component or system.

2. the causes of the need for a major repair.

3. the methods, materials and costs of corrections.

4. the suitability of the property for any specialized use.

5. compliance or non-compliance with applicable regulatory requirements.

6. the market value of the property or its marketability.

7. the advisability or inadvisability of purchase of the property.

8. any component or system which was not observed.

9. the presence or absence of pests such as wood damaging organisms, rodents, or insects.

10. cosmetic items, underground items, or items not permanently installed.

B. Inspectors are NOT required to:

1. offer warranties or guarantees of any kind.

2. calculate the strength, adequacy, or efficiency of any system or component.

3. enter any area or perform any procedure which may damage the property or its components or be dangerous to the inspector or other persons.

4. operate any system or component which is shut down or otherwise inoperable.

5. operate any system or component which does not respond to normal operating controls.

6. disturb insulation, move personal items, furniture, equipment, plant life, soil, snow, ice, or debris which obstructs access or visibility.

7. determine the presence or absence of any suspected hazardous substance including but not limited to toxins, fungus, molds, mold spores, carcinogens, noise, contaminants in soil, water, and air.

8. determine the effectiveness of any system installed to control or remove suspected hazardous substances.

9. predict future conditions, including but not limited to failure of components.

10. project operating costs of components.

11. evaluate acoustical characteristics of any system or component.


3.3 Limitations and exclusions specific to individual systems are listed in following sections.


4. System: Structural Components:

4.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. structural components including:

1. foundation.

2. floors.

3. walls.

4. columns.

5. ceilings.

6. roofs.

4.2 The Inspector shall:

A. describe the type of:

1. foundation.

2. floor structure.

3. wall structure.

4. columns.

5. ceiling structure.

6. roof structure.

B. probe structural components where deterioration is suspected. However, probing is NOT required when probing would damage any finished surface.

C. enter underfloor crawl spaces and attic spaces except when access is obstructed, when entry could damage the property, or when dangerous or adverse situations are suspected.

D. report the methods used to inspect underfloor crawl spaces and attics.

E. report signs of water penetration into the building or signs of abnormal or harmful condensation on building components.


5. System: Exterior:

5.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. wall cladding, flashings and trim.

B. entryway doors and representative number of windows.

C. garage door operators.

D. decks, balconies, stoops, steps, area ways, and porches including railings.

E. eaves, soffits and fascias.

F. vegetation, grading, drainage, driveways, patios, walkways and retaining walls with respect to their effect on the condition of the building.

5.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe wall cladding materials.

B. operate all entryway doors and representative number of windows including garage doors, manually or by using permanently installed controls of any garage door operator.

C. report whether or not any garage door operator will automatically reverse or stop when meeting reasonable resistance during closing.

5.3 The inspector is NOT required to observe:

A. storm windows, storm doors, screening, shutters, awnings and similar seasonal accessories.

B. fences.

C. safety glazing.

D. garage door operator remote control transmitters.

E. geological conditions.

F. soil conditions.

G. recreational facilities.

H. outbuildings other than garages and carports.


6. System: Roofing:

6.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. roof coverings.

B. roof drainage systems.

C. flashings.

D. skylights, chimneys and roof penetrations.

E. signs of leaks or abnormal condensation on building components.

6.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe the type of roof covering materials.

B. report the methods used to inspect roofing.

6.3 The inspector is NOT required to:

1.A. walk on the roofing.

2.B. observe attached accessories including but not limited to solar systems, antennae, and lightning arresters.


7. System: Plumbing:

7.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. interior water supply and distribution system including:

1. piping materials, including supports and insulation.

2. fixtures and faucets.

3. functional flow.

4. leaks.

5. cross connections.

B. interior drain, waste and vent system, including:

1. traps; drain, waste, and vent piping; piping supports and pipe insulation.

2. leaks.

3. functional drainage.

C. hot water system including:

1. water heating equipment.

2. normal operating controls.

3. automatic safety controls.

4. chimneys, flues and vents.

D. fuel storage and distribution systems including:

1. interior fuel storage equipment, supply piping, venting and supports.

2. leaks.

E. sump pumps.

7.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe:

1. water supply and distribution piping materials.

2. drain, waste and vent piping materials.

3. water heating equipment.

B. operate all plumbing fixtures, including their faucets and all exterior faucets attached to the house.

7.3 The inspector is NOT required to:

A. state the effectiveness of anti-siphon devices.

B. determine whether water supply and waste disposal systems are public or private.

C. operate automatic safety controls.

D. operate any valve except water closet flush valves, fixture faucets and hose faucets.

E. observe:

1. water conditioning systems.

2. fire and lawn sprinkler systems.

3. on-site water supply quantity and quality.

4. on-site waste disposal systems.

5. foundation irrigation systems.

6. spas, except as to functional flow and functional drainage.


8. System: Electrical:

8.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. service entrance conductors.

B. service equipment, grounding equipment, main overcurrent device, main and distribution panels.

C. amperage and voltage ratings of the service.

D. branch circuit conductors, their overcurrent devices, and the compatibility of their ampacities and voltages.

E. the operation of a representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches and receptacles located inside the house, garage, and on its exterior walls.

F. the polarity and grounding of all receptacles within six feet of interior plumbing fixtures and all receptacles in the garage or carport, and on the exterior of inspected structures.

G. the operation of ground fault circuit interrupters.

8.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe:

1. service amperage and voltage.

2. service entry conductor materials.

3. service type as being overhead or underground.

4. location of main and distribution panels.

B. report any observed aluminum branch circuit wiring.

8.3 The inspector is NOT required to:

A. insert any tool, probe or testing device inside the panels.

B. test or operate any overcurrent device except ground fault interrupters.

C. dismantle any electrical device or control other than to remove covers of the main and auxiliary distribution panels.

D. observed 

1. low voltage systems.

2. smoke detectors.

3. telephone, security, cable TV, intercoms or other ancillary wiring that is not a part of the primary electrical distribution system.


9. System: Heating:

9.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. permanently installed heating systems including:

1. heating equipment.

2. normal operating controls.

3. automatic safety controls.

4. chimneys, flues and vents.

5. solid fuel heating devices.

6. heat distribution systems including fans, pumps, ducts and piping, with supports, dampers, insulation, air filters, registers, radiators, fan coil units, convectors.

7. the presence of an installed heat source in each room.

9.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe:

1. energy source.

2. heating equipment and distribution type.

B. operate the systems using normal operating  controls.

C. open readily openable access panels provided by the manufacturer or installer for routine homeowner maintenance.

9.3 The inspector is NOT required to:

A. operate heating systems when weather conditions or other circumstances may cause equipment damage.

B. operate automatic safety controls.

D. ignite or extinguish solid fuel fires.

E.  observe:

1. the interior of flues.

2. fireplace insert flue connections.

3. humidifiers.

4. electronic air filters.

5. the uniformity or adequacy of heat supply to the various rooms.


10. System: Central Air Conditioning:

10.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. central air conditioning including:

1. cooling and air handling equipment.

2. normal operating controls.

B. distribution systems including:

1. fans, pumps, ducts and piping, with supports, dampers, insulation, air filters, registers, fan-coil units.

2. the presence of an installed cooling source in each room.

10.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe:

1. energy sources.

2. cooling equipment type.

B. operate the systems using normal operating controls.

C. open readily openable access panels provided by the manufacturer or installer for routine homeowner maintenance.

10.3 The inspector is NOT required to:

A. operate cooling systems when weather conditions or other circumstances may cause equipment damage.

B. observe non-central air conditioners.

C. observe the uniformity or adequacy of cool-air supply to the various rooms.


11. System: Interiors:

11.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. walls, ceiling and floors.

B. steps, stairways, balconies and railings.

C. counters and a representative number of cabinets.

D. a representative number of doors and windows.

E. separation walls, ceilings, and doors between a dwelling unit and an attached garage or another dwelling unit.

F. sumps.

11.2 The inspector shall:

A. operate a representative number of primary windows and interior doors.

B. report signs of water penetration into the building or signs of abnormal or harmful condensation on building components.

11.3 The inspector is NOT required to observe:

A. paint, wallpaper and other finish treatments on the interior walls, ceilings, and floors.

B. carpeting.

C. draperies, blinds or other window treatments.

D. household appliances.

E. recreational facilities or another dwelling unit.


12. System: Insulation & Ventilation:

12.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.

B. ventilation of attics and foundation areas.

C. kitchen, bathroom, and laundry venting systems.

12.2 The inspector shall describe:

A. insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.

B. absence of same in unfinished space at conditioned surfaces.

12.3 The inspector is NOT required to report on:

A. concealed insulation and vapor retarders.

B. venting equipment which is integral with household appliances.

Arizona Standards of Practice for Pools & Spas

 

For Arizona Home Inspectors

Dated – August 3, 2011

Last Revised August 25, 2015

The Arizona Pool and Spa Standards are adopted from the American Society of Home Inspectors Standards of Professional Practice for Residential Swimming Pool and Spa Inspections, with Arizona made modifications and amendments authorized by the Board of Directors of the Arizona Chapter of the American Society of Home Inspectors, when adopted by this Chapter on March 11, 2011. The Arizona Board of Technical Registration gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the American Society of Home Inspectors, and the permission of the Arizona Chapter of the American Society of Home Inspectors.


STANDARDS OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Section Description

1. Introduction

2. Purpose & Scope

3. Swimming Pools and Spas

4. General Limitations and Exclusions

Glossary -  NOTE: Italicized words are defined in the Glossary


1. INTRODUCTION:

1.1 These Standards define the practice of Swimming Pool & Spa Inspections in the State of Arizona.

1.2 These Standards of Practice

A. provide inspection guidelines.

B. make public the services provided by private fee-paid inspectors.


2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE:

2.1 Inspections performed to these Standards shall provide the client with a better understanding of the swimming pool & spa conditions, as observed at the time of the inspection.

A. These Standards apply only to swimming pools and spas installed at a property with a single

family residential structure.

B. Swimming pool/spa is defined as a contained body of water that is eighteen inches or more in

depth at any point and this is intended for swimming or immersion.

2.2 Inspectors shall:

A. Observe readily accessible installed systems and components listed in these Standards.

B. Submit a written report to the client which shall:

1. Observe and Describe systems and components identified in section 3 of these

Standards.

2. State which systems and components designated for inspection in these Standards have been

inspected and any systems and components designated for inspection in these Standards

which were present at the time of the inspection and were not inspected and a reason why

they were not inspected.

3. State any systems and components so inspected which were found to be in need of

immediate major repair and any recommendations to correct, monitor or further evaluate by

appropriate persons.

2.3 These Standards are not intended to limit inspectors from:

A. Reporting observations and conditions in addition to those required in Section 2.2.

B. Excluding systems and components from the inspection if requested by the client.


3. SWIMMING POOL & SPA:

3.1 The inspector shall observe:

A. interior finish materials.

B. decks, steps and coping.

C. pumps, motors, blowers, skimmer, filter, drains, heaters, automatic safety controls, gauges,

visible piping and valves.

D. water supply systems for cross connections.

E. external bonding of the pump motors, blowers, and heaters.

F. conduit, visible electrical components, and the operation of underwater lighting, ground fault

circuit interrupters, and timer assemblies.

G. permanently installed handrails and ladders.

H. for the presence of child safe barrier provisions.

I. for the presence of entrapment prevention components.

3.2 The inspector shall:

A. describe:

1. type of pool or spa.

2. primary interior finish material.

3. type of filter.

4. type of child safe barrier provision.

5. type of cleaning system (if present).

6. energy source for heater (if present).

B. operate the systems using normal operating controls.

C. open readily open able access panels provided by the manufacturer or installer for routine

homeowner maintenance.


4. GENERAL LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS:

4.1 General limitations:

A. Inspections performed in accordance with these Standards are visual, are not technically

exhaustive and will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects.

4.2 General exclusions:

A. Inspectors are NOT required to report on:

1. life expectancy of any component or system.

2. the causes of the need for a major repair.

3. the methods, materials and costs of corrections.

4. the suitability of the facilities for any specialized use, or the enclosures for systems,

components, of equipment.

5. the condition of components that are not visible and/or readily accessible.

6. compliance or non-compliance with applicable regulatory requirements, building

codes, or manufacturer instructions, drawings, and specifications.

7. any component or system which was not observed.

8. the presence or absence of pests such as wood damaging organisms, rodents, or insects.

9. external bonding of equipment or components other than pump motors, blowers and heaters.

10. cosmetic items, underground items, or items not permanently installed.

11. the safety of use of any pool or spa component.

12. the adequacy of operation, maintenance, and use of the pool/spa and of any

component.

13. whether any item, material, condition or component is subject to recall, controversy,

litigation, product liability or other adverse claim or condition.

14. the structural integrity of any system or component.

15. the adequacy of system and component design, and of filters and heaters.

16. the adequacy of child safe barriers and of entrapment prevention components, nor the

conformity of these barriers or components with local codes and ordinances.

17. equipment/component compatibility.

18. flow rates and high or low pressure conditions.

19. leaks in the shell or underground components.

20. geological and soil conditions.

21. the strength, adequacy, efficiency or safety of any system or component.

B. Inspectors are NOT required to:

1. observe component interiors that are not readily accessible.

2. offer warranties or guarantees of any kind.

3. calculate the strength, adequacy, efficiency or safety of any system or component.

4. enter any area or perform any procedure which may damage the property or its

components or be dangerous to the inspector or other persons.

5. operate any system or component which is shut down or otherwise inoperable.

6. operate any system or component which does not respond to normal operating

controls.

7. move personal items, equipment, plant life, soil, snow, ice, or debris which obstructs access

or visibility.

8. determine the presence or absence of any suspected hazardous substance or irritants,

including but not limited to noise, toxins, molds, algae, allergens, organisms, carcinogens,

electromagnetic radiation, radioactive substances, combustibles, corrosive or reactive

chemicals or contaminants, or the adequacy of their storage facilities.

9. determine the safety of use of any pool or spa component.

10. dismantle any system or component.

11. predict future conditions, including but not limited to failure of components.

12. project operating costs of components.

13. perform any act or service contrary to law or regulation.

14. perform architectural, engineering, or surveying services, or to confirm or evaluate such

services performed by others.

15. perform any trade or professional service other than as required in these Standards.

16. operate systems when weather conditions or other circumstances may cause

equipment damage.

17. test or operate valves and automatic safety controls.

18. come into contact with pool or spa water to examine the systems, structure, or

components.

19. test, operate, or evaluate electric resistance heaters.

20. determine the temperature, temperature fluctuation, rate of temperature rise, or the time

needed to obtain hot water, of any pool or spa heater.

21. test, operate, or evaluate water features, fountains, diving and jump boards, slides, and

similar play equipment, or evaluate the suitability of the pool or spa for the use of such

equipment, or for activities such as diving.

22. test, operate, or evaluate timers, low voltage or electronic controls, stray voltage,

thermostats, heating elements, solar and other alternative energy heating systems.

23. evaluate water chemistry or clarity, or presence or absence of bacteria/algae.

24. operate systems including backwash, aerators, automatic cleaners, automatic water fills,

water treatment or chemical dispenser systems.

25. evaluate the interior of components and filters including filter cartridges, and related

components and accessories, or back-flow prevention devices.

26. evaluate the condition of manual, or the condition and operation of automatic, pool or spa

covers.

27. observe underground items and items not permanently installed.

28. determine the differential between original construction and subsequent additions or

modifications, or evaluate out-of-level conditions.


GLOSSARY:

Automatic Safety Controls:

Devices designated and installed to protect systems and components from high or low pressures and temperatures, electrical current, loss of water, loss of ignition, fuel leaks, fire, freezing, or other unsafe conditions.

Child Safe Barrier:  A component, such as a fence or a door or a window alarm, that helps restrict access to a swimming pool/spa.

Client:  A customer who contracts with an inspector for a swimming pool and/or spa inspection.

Component:  A readily accessible and observable part of a system.

Coping:  The top sections around a swimming pool or spa perimeter, capping the structural walls of the pool/spa.

Cosmetic Items:  Defects that are superficial and that do not significantly affect a component's ability to function properly.

Cross Connection:  Any physical connection or arrangement between potable water and any source of contamination.

Dangerous or Adverse Situations:

Situations which pose a threat of injury to the inspector, and those situations that require the use of special protective clothing or safety equipment.

Describe:  Report in writing a system or component by its type, or other observed characteristics, to distinguish it from other components used for the same purpose.

Dismantle:  To take apart or remove any component, device or piece of equipment that is bolted, screwed, or fastened by other means and that would not be taken apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of normal household maintenance.

Electronic Controls:

Digital, computerized, low voltage or solid state equipment operation management devices.

Entrapment Prevention Components:  A component, such as a suction cover, installed within the swimming pool/spa water circulation system that helps prevent a person from being held underwater at a suction outlet.

Engineering:  Any professional service or creative work requiring education, training, and experience and the application of special knowledge of the mathematical, physical and engineering sciences

Evaluate by Appropriate Persons:  Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman, or service technician using techniques and/or expertise that are beyond the scope of inspection performed in accordance with these Standards.

Immediate Major Repair:  A major defect, which if not quickly addressed, will be likely to do any of the following:

1. worsen appreciably

2. cause further damage

3. be a serious hazard to health and/or personal safety.

Inspector:  A person certified as a home inspector by the Arizona Board of Technical Registration.

Installed:  Attached or connected such that the installed item requires tools for removal.

Major Defect:  A system or component that is unsafe or not functioning.

Normal Operating Controls:  Devices, such as thermostats and switches, intended to be operated by the homeowner.

Observe:  The act of making a visual examination of a system or component and reporting on its condition.

Readily Accessible:  Available for visual inspection without requiring the removal of personal property, dismantling, destructive measures, or any action which will likely involve risk to persons or property.

Readily Open able Access Panel:  A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is readily accessible, within normal reach, can be removed by one person, and is not sealed in place.

Shut Down:  A state in which a system or component cannot be operated by normal operating controls.

Structural Component:  A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or weights (liveloads).

System:  A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions.

Technically Exhaustive:  An inspection is technically exhaustive when it involves the use of measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, and other means to develop scientific or engineering findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

Unsafe: A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component which is judged to be a significant risk of personal injury